What is Wisdom Tooth Impaction - It's Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

When one feels that their wisdom teeth are not in proper line they get "impacted". Such Impacted teeth cause a lot of pain, illnesses, and swelling when the teeth are close together. There may also be bad smell, tooth decay, and gum pain and swelling.

These are the last teeth that adults get to grow in. Such teeth are called third molars or wisdom tooth.

We all know that all the Adults have 32 teeth. These are the teeth that come in last. The wisdom teeth, also called third molars, are this group.Wisdom teeth are seen at the back of the mouth on the upper and lower gums at the end. 

Most of the people get their wisdom teeth between 17 years to 21 years which comes late in youth or sometimes early in adulthood. It doesn't usually go wrong when they show up, unless they get stuck under the gums or in the jaw.


Wisdom Teeth Treatment in Vizag


What is Impacted Wisdom Teeth?

If one gets wisdom teeth they may face a lot of issues like infections, ear pain, swelling and crowding as you mouth does not have space for 32 teeth along with the four third molars.

All the people have mostly 4 wisdom teeth. It's possible for someone to have more than four. A lot of people have between 0 and 4.

If people have small jawbone or they have mouth full of teeth then their is less chances of having wisdom teeth. They won't fully come into your mouth. Sores, illnesses, ear pain, and swelling can also happen because of this.

Sometimes wisdom teeth grow sideways or at an unusual angle and sometimes they do not grow. If they do grow in the wrong place they will damage the teeth next to them and also hurt your gums. We also need to know that if the position of the wisdom teeth and angle is not right then they are chances of having germs and diseases that can lead to infection and tooth decay.

One way to protect your wisdom teeth is by taking good care of them so that you do not have to remove them. But if someone or their dentist sees changes in the mouth, they may need to be taken out.


Signs and symptoms -

A wisdom tooth that is stuck in the gums can lead to a number of issues. Some of these are:

  • gum or jaw pain
  • red, swollen gums
  • pressure
  • discomfort
  • infection
  • cysts
  • damage to adjacent teeth
  • tooth decay
  • gum disease

Tooth crowding can also happen when wisdom teeth get stuck and push against other teeth. If someone has crooked teeth, they may need dental care.

A cyst can form when the tooth grows into a space in the jawbone and fills with fluid. The cyst can hurt the jawbone, teeth, and nerves close by. Occasionally, a tumour that isn't dangerous may grow, which may require surgery to remove bone and tissue.

Anything that is pushing against the second molar next to the wisdom tooth makes it more likely to get an infection.


It may be more likely to get diseases because of where it is, which can cause:

  • bad breath
  • earache
  • headache
  • a strange taste in the mouth,
  • toothache
  • swollen gums, which may be redder than usual
  • swollen jaw
  • bleeding gums

You can get cellulitis in your cheek, tongue, or throat, which are more dangerous infections. Gastrointestinal disease called gingivitis is another problem. It happens when plaque releases chemicals that irritate the gums.


The following methods might help ease your symptoms -

If pain persists then one can take pain killers by mouth but not kept on the sore tooth.

Most of  us like to use home remedies when we  have tooth ache. One simple way to minimize the pain is by using any antibiotic mouthwash like Chlorhexidine or by gargling warm water mixed with teaspoon of salt.

If you still have pain then you need to see a dentist and get your tooth cleaned, but if the pain comes back the teeth have to be removed.

Removal of impacted wisdom teeth:

When a person's wisdom tooth hurts or could hurt nearby teeth or the jaw bone, their dentist will likely suggest that they have it taken out.

When it comes to affected wisdom teeth that don't cause any symptoms, dentists can't say for sure which ones will cause problems. But the position at which the tooth comes in and how it presses against other teeth can help.


Is it necessary to remove all wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth is not a problem as long as it is not hurting you , they are healthy and fully developed and clean. But when you feel it is the root cause for the pain in your mouth you need to see a doctor.

Most of the doctors suggest that if you have wisdom teeth issue then it is better to be removed or else it can be the root cause for gum diseases and tooth decay in the mere future.


What do you need to know when you see a doctor?

The only way to get rid of the pain is by visiting a oral doctor and getting the wisdom tooth removed. The dentist will get an X-ray of the whole mouth to see where the roots are and how the tooth is becoming stronger.

A dentist's office or a private hospital setting may be used for the removal. When you think about the surgery the doctor can only say how easy the surgery will be depending on the teeth location.

Before the surgery any dental doctor will question you regarding any health issues, allergies to medication and intolerance before the surgery. They will also clean the mouth and the area where the surgery is happening.

Patients may also get sick before and after treatment, so medicines may be given.

A local anaesthesia is what the dentist will use to numb the tooth and the area around it. Later, a gum cut will be made to get to the tooth and bone. An electric drill will then be used to separate the tooth into pieces that are simple to remove.

For at least 24 hours, don't drink or smoke. This will help make sure there are no blood problems.



Causes of wisdom tooth impact:

As a result of not having enough room in the mouth, wisdom teeth often get stuck in the jaw bone or gums.

When wisdom teeth get stuck, they may grow in a different way, based on how the other teeth grow:

Pre-angular impact:

This means that the tooth will grow inward at an angle, towards the front of the mouth.

Vertical impact:

Not breaking through the gum line means the wisdom tooth has not come in yet.

Distoangular impact:

To put it another way, this means that the wisdom tooth grows inward at an angle.

Horizontal impact:

This means that the wisdom teeth are coming in at a right angle, hitting the roots of the molars next to them.




If your wisdom tooth doesn't come through right, doctors say it's "impacted." It can hurt their gums and jaws, make their lips swell, and make them feel bad in general.

Some things that can help with these symptoms are pain killers, liquid mouthwash, or pain killers.

Getting a dentist check out a problematic wisdom tooth is a good idea. The dentist may recommend that the tooth be removed. Carefully following the dentist's care instructions after surgery is important to avoid problems like dry socket. We at Dental Studio Vizag neat Siripuram  have expert doctors who can help you with Wisdom teeth extraction.